Health Care Spanish

Health Care Spanish Newsletter - Jan 27, 2016

By Evelin Maza Guia

In This Issue

Anatomy Charts
  • Colle’s Fracture


 

Learning on the Go! 

Usually, the goal of this newsletter is to provide you with enough information to be useful, but not more than can be learned within the busy schedule of a health care worker. However, this week we are giving our readers a double issue.  You’ll find anatomy charts, additional vocabulary not found on the website, and more! Feel free to read the newsletter now and save them for later use such as with a patient or as a study guide for coursework. 
 

palmar view and lateral view of fracture at wrist

drawing of a colles fracture


 
Colles’ Fracture Fractura de Colles
Distal radius fracture Fractura distal del radio
Avulsed ulnar styloid process Avulsión del apófisis estiloide cubital
Distal fragment of radius overrides the rest of the bone El fragmento distal del radio sobrepasa el
resto del hueso
Dinner fork deformity Deformidad de un dorso de tenedor
Attempt to break a fall with their hands and arms Intento de frenar una caída con las manos y los brazos
 
 
 
English

A Colles' fracture, is a fracture of the distal radius. It’s probably the most common, constituting at least 10% of all fractures. The term is often used to refer to any fracture of the distal radius that has dorsal displacement of the fracture fragments. It’s sometimes referred to as a "dinner fork" deformity due to the shape of the resultant forearm. It is most commonly caused by people falling onto a hard surface and breaking their fall with outstretched arms.
 
The classic Colles’ fracture has the following characteristics:
  • Transverse fracture of the radius
  • 2.5 cm (0.98 inches) proximal to the radio-carpal joint
  • Dorsal displacement and angulation, together with radial tilt.
  • Associated fracture of the ulnar styloid process in more than 60% of cases.
 
The symptoms of a broken wrist usually consist of immediate acute pain, tenderness, bruising, swelling and a visible deformity.
 
Español

Una fractura de Colles es una fractura distal del radio.  Probablemente sea una de las más frecuentes, constituyendo no menos de 10% de todas las fracturas. Este término se usa usualmente para referirse a cualquier fractura distal del radio que tiene un desplazamiento dorsal de los fragmentos fracturados. A veces se le refiere como  “una deformidad de dorso de tenedor” por la forma resultante del antebrazo.  Es causada más comúnmente por personas que caen hacia adelante sobre una superficie dura y detienen su caída con las manos extendidas.
 
La fractura clásica de Colles tiene las siguientes características:
· Fractura transversal del radio
· 2.5 cm (0.98 pulgadas) proximal la articulación radiocarpiana
· Desplazamiento dorsal y angulación dorsal, con una inclinación radial.
· Asociada a una fractura del apófisis estiloide cubital en más de 60% de los casos
 
Los síntomas de una fractura de muñeca normalmente consisten en un dolor agudo inmediato, sensibilidad, contusiones, inflamación y una deformidad visible. 
 
 

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