Health Care Spanish

Health Care Spanish Newsletter -  


In This Issue

  • Anatomy Chart:
    The Eye
  • Ocular conditions:

Learning on the Go! 

The goal of this newsletter is to provide you with enough information to be useful, but not more than can be learned within the busy schedule of a health care worker. You’ll find anatomy charts, additional vocabulary, occasional feedback from subscribers, and more! Feel free to read them now and save them for later use such as with a patient or as a study guide for coursework. 

anatomy of the eye

  Anatomy of the Eye and Extraocular Muscles
Iris Iris
Pupil Pupila
Eyelid Párpado
Sclera Esclerótica
Optic Nerve Nervio Óptico
Lens Cristalino
Superior Rectus Muscle:
It elevates the eye, and helps with
intorsion and adduction.
Músculo Recto Superior:
Eleva y ayuda a aducir y rotar
internamente el ojo.
Inferior Rectus Muscle:
It depresses, and helps extort
(rotate laterally) and adduct the eye.
Músculo Recto Inferior:
Lo desciende, aduce y toma parte
en la rotación externa del ojo.
Medial Rectus Muscle:
In charge of adduction of the eye.
Músculo Recto Medial o Interno:
Se encarga de aducir el ojo.
Lateral Rectus Muscle:
In charge of abduction of the eye.
Músculo Recto Lateral o Externo:
Se encarga de abducir el ojo.
Superior Oblique Muscle:
Abducts, depresses and internally
rotates the eye.
Músculo Oblicuo Superior:
Abduce, desciende y rota
medialmente el ojo.
Inferior Oblique Muscle:
In charge of extorsion, elevation
and abduction of the eye.
Músculo Oblicuo Inferior:
Se encarga de abducir, elevar y
rotar externamente el ojo.
Levator Palpebrae Superioris:
Elevates the superior (upper) eyelid.
Músculo Elevador del Párpado Superior:
Eleva el párpado superior

drawing of strabissimus examples

Strabismus or heterotropia is a condition that prevents a person from directing both eyes simultaneously towards the same fixation point. The eyes do not properly align with each other. Strabismus typically involves a lack of coordination between the extraocular muscles.

Estrabismo o heteroforia es una condición la cual impide que una persona pueda dirigir ambos ojos simultáneamente hacia un mismo punto de fijación. Los ojos no se alinean correctamente entre sí. El estrabismo suele implicar una falta de coordinación entre los músculos extraoculares.
One eye is turned down.
Hipotropía o Estrabismo Vertical:
Un ojo esta desviado hacia abajo.
One eye is turned up.
Hipertropía o Estrabismo Vertical:
Un ojo esta desviado hacia arriba.
Exotropia or Divergent Strabismus:
One eye is fixated laterally.
Exotropía, exoforia o estrabismo divergente:
Un ojo esta desviado lateralmente.
Esotropia or Convergent Strabismus:
One eye is fixated internally.
Esotropía, endotropia o estrabismo convergente:
Un ojo esta desviado medialmente.





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