Health Care Spanish

Health Care Spanish Newsletter - Mar 1, 2016

By:Evelin Maza Guia

In This Issue

Anatomy chart:
  • The Kidney
  • Kidney Stone, Renal Colic,
 

 

 

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A Few Words from the Editor

Special thanks to Evelin Maza Guia for her work on the last 14 issues of this newsletter.
 
 





Kidney  -  Riñón


Cortex Corteza
Medulla Médula
Mayor and minor calyces Cálices mayores y menores
Renal pelvis Pelvis renal
Renal hilum Hilio renal
Renal artery Arteria renal
Ureteropelvic junction Unión uretero-piélica
Ureter Uréter
Urinary bladder Vejiga urinaria
Urethra Uretra
Kidney stone, Renal Calculus or Nephrolith:
 The formation of a solid piece of material within the kidneys from mineral substances in the urine.
Cálculo Renal, Litiasis Renal o Nefrolitiasis:
La formación de un trozo de material sólido dentro del riñón a partir de sustancias minerales en la orina.
Renal colic:
A very intense and sudden abdominal pain generally produced by the presence of a kidney stone within the urinary tract.
Cólico nefrítico:
Dolor abdominal repentino de gran intensidad que se produce generalmente por la presencia de cálculo en el tracto urinario.
Hydronephrosis:
The distension and dilation of the renal pelvis and calyces, usually caused by obstruction of the free flow of urine from the kidney.
 
Hidronefrosis:
La distensión y dilatación de la pelvis renal y los cálices, por lo general causada por la obstrucción del libre flujo de la orina desde el riñón.
 




Kidney Stone

 
A kidney stone is usually caused by the build up of certain substances in the urine. Dehydration, high dietary intake of animal protein and sodium, and other underlying conditions can attribute to their formation. 

Their passage through the urinary tract can be asymptomatic if they are small enough, or can cause renal colic, which is considered one of the strongest pain sensations known to man.

A renal colic is an intense, sudden, and intermittent  pain that usually originates in the flank or lumbar area and radiates towards the groin.

The experience is said to be traumatizing due to the pain, and the passing of blood, blood clots, and pieces of the stone.

Other associated symptoms include: nausea, vomiting, fever, blood in the urine or hematuria, pus in the urine, and painful urination.

If stones grow to sufficient size (usually at least 3 millimeters) they can cause blockage of the ureter. This inability to pass urine from the kidney to the bladder will lead to hydronephrosis or hydroureteronephrosis which is the distensión and dilation of the renal pelvis, calyces, and uréter.

The increase in pressure caused by the accumulation of urine that can not be ejected causes kidney enlargement and thinning of renal parenchyma. If the situation persists for a long time, the kidney atrophies and loses its functional capacity.

 
Cálculo Renal 
 
Un cálculo renal generalmente es causado por la acumulación de ciertas sustancias en la orina. La deshidratación, alta ingesta dietética de proteína animal y sodio, y otras condiciones subyacentes pueden atribuir a su formación. 

Su paso por el tracto urinario puede ser asintomática, si son lo suficientemente pequeños, o puede causar cólicos nefríticos, que se considera uno de los dolores más fuertes conocidos por el hombre. 

Un cólico renal es un dolor intense, repentino, e intermitente que por lo general se origina en el flanco o la región lumbar y se irradia hacia la ingle. 

La experiencia suele ser traumatizante debido al dolor, y el paso de sangre, coágulos de sangre y trozos del cálculo. 
 
Otros síntomas asociados incluyen: náuseas, vómitos, fiebre, sangre en la orina o hematuria, pus en la orina y dolor al orinar.

Si las piedras crecen hasta un tamaño suficiente (por lo general al menos 3 milímetros)  pueden causar la obstrucción del uréter. Esta incapacidad para evacuar la orina desde el riñón hasta la vejiga dará lugar a hidronefrosis o hidroureteronefrosis, lo cual es la distensión y dilatación de la pelvis renal, loscálices, y el uréter.

El aumento de presión causado por la acumulación de la orina que no se puede expulsar causa el agrandamiento del riñón y adelgazamiento del parénquima renal. Si la situación persiste durante mucho tiempo, el riñón se atrofia y pierde su capacidad funcional.

 

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Part of Health Care Spanish’s mission is to create a useful resource for health care workers. However, there  is only so much that can be done without feedback from you.  Email questions or suggestions to healthcarespanish@yahoo.com
 

Spread the Word

Do you know other health care workers or students who need to pick up a little Español?  If you find our endeavor useful, we would be grateful if you share it with others. Our web site is http://www.healthcarespanish.com/
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