Health Care Spanish

Health Care Spanish Newsletter -  


In This Issue

  • Anatomy chart
    • The Lung
  • Vocabulary:
    • Respiration
  • Pathological Types 
    • of Ventilation


Learning on the Go! 

The goal of this newsletter is to provide you with enough information to be useful, but not more than can be learned within the busy schedule of a health care worker. You’ll find anatomy charts, additional vocabulary, occasional feedback from subscribers, and more! Feel free to read them now and save them for later use such as with a patient or as a study guide for coursework. 

anatomy of lungs

  translation of lung to Spanish
Respiratory rate or Breathing Frequency:
The number of breathes taken in one minute.
Frecuencia Respiratoria o Ventilatoria:
El número de respiraciones tomadas en un minuto.
Breaths per minute (bpm) Respiraciones por minuto (rpm)
Eupnea: Normal breathing, 12-20 bpm Eupnea: Respiración normal, 12-20 rpm.
Bradypnea: Less than 12 bpm Bradipnea: Menos de 12 rpm
Tachypnea: More than 20 bpm Taquipnea: Más de 20 rpm
Dyspnea or Shortness of breath:
Feelings associated with impaired breathing.
Sensación subjetiva de dificultad respiratoria.
Apnea: Temporary suspension of breathing. Apnea: Suspensión transitoria de la respiración,
Hyperpnea: Increased depth of breathing. Hiperpnea: Aumento de la profundidad de la respiración.
Hypopnea: Overly shallow breathing. Hipopnea: Disminución del flujo aéreo.
Orthopnea: Shortness of breath when lying flat. Ortopnea: Disnea en posición decúbito supino.
Shortness of breath in standing of sitting position.
Disnea en posición vertical o erecta.
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea:
Attacks of severe shortness of breath and coughing that occur at night and awaken
the patient.
Disnea Paroxística Nocturna:
Ataques de disnea que ocurren durante la noche
y despiertan al paciente, forzándolo a tomar
la posición ortopneica.
respiration patterns

pathological types of ventilation in English
  • Cheyne-Stokes Respiration
    • There’s a gradual increase in the frequency and depth of breathing, which then gradually decreases until reaching a period of apnea.
  • Biot’s Respiration:
    • Groups of quick, shallow inspirations followed by regular or irregular periods of apnea.
  • Kussmaul Respiration:
    • Classic hyperpnea with a normal or slightly elevated respiratory rate.
Pathological types of ventilation translated to Spanish
  • Respiración de Cheyne-Stokes:
    • Hay un aumento gradual en la frecuencia y amplitud de las respiraciones, para luego disminuir hasta apnea.
  • Respiración de Biot:
    • Ventilación entrecortada, irregular, de amplitud variable y con periodos de apnea.
  • Respiración de Kussmaul:
    • Clásica hiperpnea con una frecuencia respiratoria normal o un poco aumentada.




For quick reference in the ward.
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